Ecosystems are made up of a community of living animals, plants, invertebrates, and microbes, along with non-living elements such as the air, water, and land.

By conserving habitats and ecosystems, we can maximise the conservation objectives we aim to achieve. Preserving whole habitats and ecosystems ensures the long term conservation of other organisms by providing them with space to exist. It also helps mitigate the effects of climate change by preserving the carbon stored in trees such as mangroves, and allows for further absorption in the future, as the trees continue to absorb carbon from the atmosphere as they grow.

This landscape conservation approach also means that the people living around these habitats have the long term capacity to use the environment in a sustainable way, which will help towards alleviating poverty in rural communities and developing countries.